WHAT IS HYPERPIGMENTATION
The skin gets its color from a pigment called melanin. Skin pigmentation disorders include hyperpigmentation (dark skin patches on the skin) or hypopigmentation (light skin patches). Hyperpigmentation normally occurs when there’s an increased secretion of melanin, which is produced by special skin cells, melanocytes, in the lower epidermis.
Melasma (tan or brown patches)
Hyperpigmentation typically occurs as a result of excessive sun exposure. In other words, to protect the skin from this, melanin absorbs the harmful ultraviolet rays form the sun. But, while doing so, it may trigger appearance of freckles and age spots (liver spots). It may even make other darkened skin patches become even more prominent. This skin pigmentation disorder is more common in people with darker Asian, Medite…